Forty Fort Meeting House
and Cemetery

Notable People Interned

Plot #

Name

339

Elinor WylieElinor Morton Wylie (September 7, 1885 – December 16, 1928) was an American poet and novelist popular in the 1920s and 1930s. "She was famous during her life almost as much for her ethereal beauty and personality as for her melodious, sensuous poetry."

Her grandfather, Henry M. Hoyt, was a governor of Pennsylvania. Her aunt was Helen Hoyt, a minor poet. Her parents were Henry Martyn Hoyt, Jr., who would be United States Solicitor General from 1903 to 1909.

185

  • Lazarus D. ShoemakerLazarus Denison Shoemaker (1819-1893) — also known as Lazarus D. Shoemaker — of Luzerne County, Pa. Born in Pennsylvania, 1819. Republican. Shoemaker was elected as a Republican to the Forty-second and Forty-third Congresses. He served as chairman of the United States House Committee on Revolutionary Pensions during the Forty-third Congress. He was not a candidate for renomination in 1874. He resumed the practice of his profession and also engaged in banking. He died in Wilkes-Barre in 1893. He was the youngest child of Colonel Elijah and Elizabeth S. (Denison) Shoemaker.

214

Rev George PeckRev. George Peck (August 8, 1797 - May 20, 1876) was the son of Luther Peck, a blacksmith, and his wife, Annis nee Collar. He and his four brothers became ministers in the Methodist Episcopal Church. One, Jesse T. Peck, became a bishop. The trend in his family toward the Methodist ministry led his grandson, Stephen Crane, to say: "Upon my mother's side, everyone in my family became a Methodist clergyman as soon as they could walk, the ambling-nag, saddlebag, exhorting kind."

George Peck received his Exhorter's License in 1815 and, in 1816, his local preacher's license. He served a year on the Cortland Circuit as a circuit rider, during which he visited small villages and hamlets throughout western New York, preached in the open air and people's parlors, occasionally in a church, without remuneration. In 1816, he joined the Genesee Conference.

He also helped to found Cazenovia Seminary, and became its president in 1835. Later, he convinced local farmers and businessmen to fund a Methodist Episcopal Seminary in Kingston, Pennsylvania, called Wyoming Seminary. After several two year pastoral assignments (two years was the standard in the Methodist Episcopal church at the time), he became editor of the Methodist Quarterly Review, the denomination's primary periodical, and general book editor of the denomination's publishing program from 1848-51; he followed this with a term as editor of the Christian Advocate, from 1852-53.

In the 1860s and 1870s, he took an active role in supporting the Holiness movement. The movement gained widespread support for its emphasis on which called upon adult conversions through which individuals sought Christian perfection; its sentimentality also created controversy and its critics claimed that the movement undermined the reality of the social gospel.

338

Henry Martyn HoytHenry Martyn Hoyt (1830-1892) — of Wilkes-Barre, Luzerne County, Pa. Born in Kingston, Luzerne County, Pa., June 8, 1830. Republican. Lawyer; general in the Union Army during the Civil War; delegate to Republican National Convention from Pennsylvania, 1868; Pennsylvania Republican state chair, 1875-76; Governor of Pennsylvania, 1879-83. Member, Kappa Alpha Society.

As a soldier in the Civil War, Hoyt was initially commissioned as Lieutenant Colonel, then as colonel of the 52nd Pennsylvania Infantry, leading it during the Peninsula Campaign and subsequent actions of the Army of the Potomac until January 1863, the regiment was ordered to Charleston, South Carolina.

He participated in the siege of Morris Island under Brig. Gen. Quincy A. Gillmore. Hoyt led troops in a rare night attack on Fort Johnson, steathily arriving in the darkness via boats. He initially captured the fort, but was unable to hold it for lack of reinforcements and he and many of his men were captured in a Confederate counterattack. After being confined in Macon, Georgia, Hoyt was taken back to Charleston, and escaped briefly before being recaptured.

Upon his eventual exchange, he rejoined his regiment, with which he remained till the close of the war, when he was mustered out with the rank of brevet brigadier general.

As Governor of Pennsylvania the state debt was reduced by one and half million dollars; mitigation reformed the cruel Pennsylvania solitary confinement prison system; the charters of "diploma mill" medical schools were revoked; a state medical board was established; delinquent taxes were collected; and railroads were prosecuted for rate schedules that were discriminatory. To give additional young male first offenders, between the ages of fifteen and twenty-five, a second chance, a new reformatory was built where they were taught a trade and allowed to further their education. Also during his administration, the Second State Geological Survey was launched, and the legislature banned school segregation.

 

Henry M Hoyt JrHenry Martyn Hoyt, Jr. (December 5, 1856 - November 20, 1910) served as Solicitor General of the United States from 1903 to 1909. His father, also named Henry Martyn Hoyt, served as governor of Pennsylvania from 1879 to 1883.

Hoyt was born in Wilkes-Barre and graduated from Yale University in 1878 and the law school of the University of Pennsylvania in 1881. After a career spent in private practice as a lawyer in Pennsylvania, starting in Pittsburgh and then in banking he became an assistant attorney general in 1897 and then, in 1903, was appointed Solicitor General by Theodore Roosevelt.

After the end of Roosevelt's term in office he became a counselor to Secretary of State Philander C. Knox.

455

Charles Murray TurpinCharles Murray Turpin (1878-1946) — also known as C. Murray Turpin — of Kingston, Luzerne County, Pa. Born in Kingston, Luzerne County, Pa., March 4, 1878. Republican.

He served as a corporal in the United States Army during the Spanish-American War in Company F, Ninth Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry; member of the Pennsylvania National Guard 1896-1901, serving as second lieutenant, first lieutenant, and captain; employed as a carpenter, grocery clerk, and a steamboat captain before graduating from the dental department of the University of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia in 1904; commenced the practice of dentistry in Kingston, Pa., in 1905; member of the board of education 1916-1922; burgess of Kingston 1922-1926, and prothonotary of Luzerne County 1926-1929; elected as a Republican to the Seventy-first Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of John J. Casey; reelected to the Seventy-second, Seventy-third, and Seventy-fourth Congresses and served from June 4, 1929, to January 3, 1937; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1936 to the Seventy-fifth Congress; appointed assistant chief clerk, Luzerne County assessor's office, Wilkes-Barre, Pa.